Online dispute resolution (ODR) is the settlement of disputes through online mode of communication/interaction between the disputed parties. Online dispute resolution undertakes disputes that are partially or fully settled over the Internet, having been initiated in cyberspace but with a source outside it (offline) . In the literature and practice, ODR is also called as an alternate dispute resolution (ADR) and Internet dispute resolution (iDR), and these terms are used interchangeably.
Online dispute resolution (ODR) uses alternative dispute resolution processes to resolve a conflict or dispute. Online dispute resolution can be used for disputes arising from an online mode of communication/transaction and also for disputes not involving the Internet, known as “offline disputes.” Online dispute resolution is an alternative to the traditional legal system where litigations are filed in court and justice is sought through legal proceedings. Traditional legal system involves a courtroom, lawyers, judges to register, and resolve the dispute.
The parties involved in dispute may use Internet and web-based technology in a variety of ways. Online dispute resolution can be done entirely on the Internet through email, chat, and videoconferencing and if needed parties may also meet in person for face-to-face interaction. Often, a combination of “online” and “offline” (such as face-to-face) methods are used in online dispute resolution.